Right to counsel
While a state may have many statutes, court decisions, or court rules governing appointment of counsel for a particular subject area, a "Key Development" is a statute/decision/rule that prevails over the others (example: a state high court decision finding a categorical right to counsel in guardianships cases takes precedence over a statute saying appointment in guardianship cases is discretionary).
Legislation, Termination of Parental Rights (Private) - Birth Parents
For an "adoption without prior termination of parental rights" (a process initiated by a private party that requires the cooperation of the Department and the consent of the birth parents), all indigent parents have a right to counsel. Md. Code Ann. Crim. Proc. § 16-204(b)(1)(vi).
For a child guardianship action brought by a private agency (which is brought prior to adoptions but which terminates parental rights) and for independent adoptions initiated by a private party, courts are required to appoint counsel for a parent, regardless of indigency, who has a disability making him or her "incapable of effectively participating in the case," or for a minor parent. Md. Code Ann. Fam. Law § 5-3A-07(a)(1) (private agency guardianship leading to adoption), § 5-3B-06(a)(1) (independent adoption).
If "yes", the established right to counsel or discretionary appointment of counsel is limited in some way, including any of: the only authority is a lower/intermediate court decision or a city council, not a high court or state legislature; there has been a subsequent case that has cast doubt; a statute is ambiguous; or the right or discretionary appointment is not for all types of individuals or proceedings within that category.
Appointment of Counsel: categorical Qualified: yes