Reports / Studies

  1. American Bar Ass'n, Ctr. on Children and the Law for The Child Welfare Services Division of The Michigan State Court Administrative Office, Legal Representation for Parents in Child Welfare Proceedings: A Performance-Based Analysis of Michigan Practice (2009).

  2. American Bar Ass'n, Ctr. on Children and the Law, Summary of Parent Representation Models (2009).

  3. Justice Bobbe J. Bridge and Joanne I. Moore, J.D., Implementing Equal Justice for Parents in Washington: A Dual Approach, Juvenile Family Court Journal (July 14, 2009).

  4. Mark Courtney et al., Evaluating the Impact of Enhanced Parental Legal Representation on the Timing of Permanency Outcomes for Children in Foster Care, 1 Partners for Our Children Discussion Paper 1, Feb. 2011 [Washington].

  5. Lucas A. Gerber et al., Effects of an interdisciplinary approach to parental representation in child welfare, 102 Children and Youth Servs. Rev. 45 (July 2019) [New York City].

  6. Note, Representation in Child-Neglect Cases: Are Parents Neglected?, 4 Colum. J. Law & Soc. Problems 230 (1968).

  7. Jason A. Oetjen, Improving Parents' Representation in Dependency Cases: A Washington State Pilot Program EvaluationNat'l Council of Juvenile & Family Court Judges (2003).

  8. Partners for Our Children, Washington's Parents Representation Program Helping Children in Child Welfare System Reach Permanency, 1 Issue Brief 1 (Feb. 2011).

  9. Robyn M. Powell et al., Mental Health Legal Advisors Committee: Family Law Project Evaluation Final Report, Nat'l Research Ctr. for Parents with Disabilties at Brandeis Univ., Jan. 2020.

  10. Vivek Sankaran, Using Preventive Legal Advocacy to Keep Children from Entering Foster Care, Wm. Mitchell L. Rev. 40, no. 3 (2014).

  11. Vivek Sankaran and John Pollock, A National Survey on a Parent's Right to Counsel in Termination of Parental Rights and Dependency Cases (2016).

  12. Supreme Court Of Texas, Permanent Judicial Commission For Children, Youth & Families, Assessment of Appointed Representation in Texas Child-Protection Proceedings (Jan. 2011).

  13. Elizabeth Thornton, Court-Based Child Welfare Reforms: Improved Child/Family Outcomes and Potential Cost Savings (Aug. 2012).

  14. University of Michigan Law School, Detroit Center for Family Advocacy Pilot Evaluation Report 7/2009-6/2012 (Feb. 2013).

  15. Vermont Parent Representation Ctr., Broken System Broken Promises - Vermont Child Abuse Determination and the Child Protection Registry - A Multi-Year Analysis & Recommendations for Reform (Oct. 12, 2022).

  16. Washington State Ctr. for Court Research, 2021 Evaluation of the Washington State Dependent Child Legal Representation Program (2021).

  17. Washington State Office of Public Defense, Reunification and Case Resolution Improvements in Office of Public Defense (OPD) Parents Representation Program Counties (Feb. 2010).

  18. Washington State Office of Public Defense, Dependency and Termination Defense Pilot Project: Interim Evaluation (Jan. 2001).

    1. Univ. of Wash. Sch. of L., Report: Foster Children Experience 'Justice by Geography' (Aug. 15, 2016).

  19. Women's Law Ctr. of Maryland, Inc., Families in Transition: A Follow-up Study Exploring Family Law Issues in Maryland (Dec. 2006).

  20. Steve M. Wood, Alicia Summers, and Crystal Soderman Duarte, Legal Representation in the Juvenile Dependency System: Travis County, Texas' Parent Representation Pilot Project, 54 Fam. Ct. Rev. 277 (Apr. 2016).

  21. Steve M. Wood and Jesse R.Russell, Effects of Parental and Attorney Involvement on Reunification in Juvenile Dependency Cases, Children and Youth Services Review, Volume 33, Issue 9 (Sept. 2011).