Law Review Articles / Treatises / Other Writings

  1. Sarah Dina Moore Alba, Searching for the "Civil Gideon": Procedural Due Process and the Juvenile Right to Counsel in Termination Proceedings, 13 U. Pa. J. Const. L. 1079 (May 2011).

  2. Barbara Atwood, Representing Children Who Can't or Won't Direct Counsel: Best Interests Lawing or No Lawyer At All?, 53 Ariz. L. Rev. 381 (Summer 2011).

  3. Jennifer Bellah, Appointing Counsel for the Child in Actions to Terminate Parental Rights, 70 Cal. L. Rev. 481 (1982).

  4. Michael Dale & Louis Reidenberg, The Kids Aren't Alright: Every Child Should Have An Attorney in Child Welfare Proceedings in Florida, 36 Nova L. Rev. 345 (Spring 2012), available at

  5. Michael Dale & Louis Reidenberg, Providing Attorneys for Children in Dependency and Termination of Parental Rights Proceedings in Florida: The Issue Updated, 35 Nova L. Rev. 305 (Spring 2011), available at

  6. Donald N. Duquette, Child Representation in America: Progress Report from the National Quality Improvement Center, 46 Fam. L.Q. 87 (Spring 2012).  

  7. Donald N. Duquette, Legal Representation for Children in Protection Proceedings: Two Distinct Lawyer Roles Are Required, 34 Fam. L.Q. 441 (2000)

  8. Judge Leonard Edwards, Representation of Parents and Children in Abuse and Neglect Cases: The Importance of Early Appointment, Juvenile and Family Court Journal. 63(2) (Spring 2012), available at

  9. Judge Leonard Edwards, Improving Juvenile Dependency Courts, Juv. and Fam. Ct. J. (1997), available at

  10. Linda Elrod, Child Custody Practice and Procedure Database, Child Custody Prac. & Proc. § 12:4 (updated October 2009).

  11. Linda D. Elrod, Client-Directed Lawyers for Children: It Is the "Right" Thing to Do, 27 Pace L. Rev. 869 (2007), available at

  12. Linda Elrod, Counsel for the Child in Custody Disputes - The Time Is Now, 26 Fam. L.Q. 53 (1992), available at

  13. Barbara Glesner Fines, Almost Pro-BonoJudicial Appointments of Attorneys in Juvenile and Child Dependency Actions, 72 UMKC L. Rev. 337 (2003), available at

  14. Cynthia Godsoe, All in the Family: Towards a New Representational Model for Parents and Children, 24 Geo. J. Legal Ethics 303 (Spring 2011).

  15. Josh Gupta-Kagan, America's Hidden Foster Care System, 72 Stan. L. Rev. 841 (Apr. 2020), available at

  16. Amy Harfeld, Twenty Years of Progress in Advocating for a Child’s Right to Counsel, ABA Children’s Committee (March 22, 2019), available at  

  17. Shireen Husain, A Voice For The Voiceless: A Child's Right To Legal Representation In Dependency Proceedings, 79 Geo. Wash. L. Rev. 232 (Nov. 2010), available at

  18. Ira Lustbader and Erik Pitchal, Implementation of the Right to Counsel for Children in Juvenile Court Dependency Proceedings: Lessons From Kenny A, 36 Nova L. Rev. 407 (Spring 2012)

  19. Suparna Malempati, Beyond Paternalism: The Role of Counsel for Children in Abuse and Neglect Proceedings, 11 U. N.H. L. Rev. 97, 99 (2013), available at

  20. Suparna Malempati, The Illusion of Due Process for Children in Dependency Proceedings, 44 Cumb. L. Rev. 181 (2013-14).

  21. Sarah L. Marx, Seen But Not Heard: Advocating for Children in New York State, 25 Touro L.R. 491 (2009), available at

  22. Massachusetts Division of Child and Family Law, Committee for Public Counsel Services, Summary of Bill Re Extending Court Jurisdiction and Right to Counsel to Include 18-22 Y.O.'s (Oct. 2010), available at (follow link under "Gov. Patrick Signs Law Extending Court Jurisdiction to 18-22 Year Olds").

  23. Erin Shea McCann and Casey Trupin, Kenny A Does Not Live Here: Efforts in Washington State to Improve Legal Representation for Children in Foster Care, 36 Nova L. Rev. 363 (Spring 2012), available at

  24. Miriam C. Meyer-Thompson, Wanted: Forever Home: Achieving Permanent Outcomes for Nevada's Foster Children, 14 Nev. L.J. 268 (Fall 2013), available at

  25. William Wesley Patton, It Matters Not What Is But What Might Have Been: The Standard of Appellate Review for Denial of Counsel in Child Dependency and Parental Severance Trials, 12 Whittier L. Rev. 537 (1991), available at

  26. William Wesley Patton, Standards of Appellate Review for Denial of Counsel and Ineffective Assistance of Counsel in Child Protection and Parental Severance Trials, 27 Loy. U. Chi. L.J. 195 (1996), available at

  27. Erik Pitchal, Children's' Constitutional Rights to Counsel in Dependency Cases, 15 Temp. Pol. & Civ. Rts. L. Rev. 663 (2005-2006).

  28. Jennifer K. Pokempner, Riya Saha Shah, Mark F. Houldin, Michael J. Dale, and Robert G. Schwartz, The Legal Significance of Adolescent Development On the Right To Counsel: Establishing the Constitutional Right To Counsel for Teens in Child Welfare Matters and Assuring a Meaningful Right To Counsel in Delinquency Matters, 47 Harv. C.R.-C.L. L. Rev. 529 (Summer 2012), available for purchase at

  29. Catherine J. Ross, From Vulnerability to Voice: Appointing Counsel for Children in Civil Litigation, 64 Fordham L. Rev. 1571 (1996), available at

  30. Jacob Ethan Smiles, A Child's Due Process Right to Legal. Counsel in Abuse and Neglect Dependency Proceedings, 37 Fam. L.Q. 485 (2003).

  31. LaShanda Taylor, A Lawyer for Every Child: Client-Directed Representation in Dependency Cases, 47 Fam. Ct. Rev. 605 (2009),  available at

  32. Elizabeth Mills Viney, The Right to Counsel in Parental Rights Termination Cases: How a Clear and Consistent Legal Standard Would Better Protect Indigent Families, 63 SMU L. Rev. 1403 (2010).

  33. Lois A. Weinberg, Carl Weinberg & Nancy M. Shea, Advocacy's Role in Identifying Dysfunctions in Agencies Serving Abused and Neglected Children, 2 Child Maltreatment 212 (1997), available at