Supportive Writing by Judges and Public Defenders

  1. You can find additional information on judicial and state bar perspectives on the civil right to counsel here

  2. Laura Abel and Judge Lora Livingston, The Existing Civil Right to Counsel Infrastructure, 47 No. 4 Judges' J. 24 (2008), available at

  3. Amicus Brief of Eleven County JudgesKelly v. Warpinski, No. 04-2999-OA (Wis. 2004) (petition denied), available at

  4. Amicus Brief of Retired Washington State JudgesKing v. King, No. 79978-4 (Wash. 2007), available at .

  5. David J. Dreyer, Deja Vu All Over Again: Turner v. Rogers and the Civil Right to Counsel, 61 Drake L. Rev. 639, 651 (2013), available at

  6. Emily Jane Goodman, Facing Evictions – Without the Right to Counsel, Gotham Gazette (June 2008), available at without-the-right-to-counsel.

  7. Earl Johnson Jr., 50 Years of Gideon, 47 Years Working Toward a 'Civil Gideon', 47 Clearinghouse Rev. J. of Poverty L. and Pol'y 35 (May-June 2013), available at

  8. Earl Johnson, Jr., Equality Before the Law and the Social Contract: When Will the United States Finally Guarantee Its People the Equality Before the Law the Social Contract Demands?, 37 Fordham Urb. L.J. 157 (Feb. 2010), available at

  9. Mark Juhas, On the Anniversary of Gideon, An Argument for Free Civil Representation, 36-SEP L.A. Law. 44 (Sept. 2013).

  10. Jon Levy, The World is Round: Why We Must Assure Equal Access to Civil Justice, 62 Me. L. Rev. 561 (2010).

  11. Jonathan Lippman, New York's Template to Address the Crisis in Civil Legal Services, 7 Harv. L. & Pol'y Rev. 13 (Winter 2013).

  12. Margaret H. Marshall, Provide Legal Support To Those Most Vulnerable, Boston Globe (Oct. 29, 2011), available with subscription at

  13. Robert W. Sweet, Civil Gideon and Confidence in a Just Society, 17 Yale L. & Pol'y Rev. 503 (1998), available at

  14. John Gross, The True Benefits of Counsel: Why "Do-It-Yourself" Lawyering Does Not Protect the Rights of the Indigent, 43 N.M. L. Rev. 1 (Spring 2013), available at
  15. James Neuhard, Gideon Redux: A Defender's View, 28 Cornerstone 5, 31 (Fall 2006), available at