Reports / Studies

  1. ACLU, A Pound of Flesh: The Criminalization of Private Debt (2018), available at

  2. Alabama Appleseed, Under Pressure (2008), available at

  3. Alexandra Bastien, Ending the Debt Trap: Strategies to Stop the Abuse of Court-Imposed Fees and Fines, PolicyLink (Mar. 2017), available at

  4. Margaret F. Brinig and Marsha Garrison, Getting Blood from Stones: Results and Policy Implications of an Empirical Investigation of Child Support Practice in St. Joseph County, Indiana Paternity Actions, 56 Fam. Ct. Rev. 521 (Oct. 2018), available at

  5. Her Justice, Towards Justice for Parents in Child Support Cases (Mar. 2021), available at

  6. Job Opportunities Task Force, The Criminalization of Poverty: How to Break the Cycle Through Policy Reform in Maryland (Jan. 2018), available at

  7. Massachusetts Trial Court Fines and Fees Working Group, Report to Trial Court Chief Justice Paula M. Carey (Nov. 17, 2016), available at

  8. Massachusetts Senate Committee on Post Audit and Oversight, Fine Time Massachusetts: Judges, Poor People, and Debtors' Prison in the 21st Century (Nov. 7, 2016), available at

  9. Elizabeth Patterson, Turner in the Trenches: A Study of How Turner v. Rogers Affected Child Support Contempt Proceedings, 25 Geo. J. on Poverty L. Pol'y 75 (2017), avallable at

  10. Abby Shafroth, Criminal Justice Debt in the South: A Primer for the Southern Partnership to Reduce Debt, National Consumer Law Center (Dec. 2018), available at

  11. U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, Targeted Fines and Fees Against Communities of Color: Civil Rights & Constitutional Implications (Sept. 2017), available at