Law Review Articles / Treatises / Other Writings

  1. Anna Richey Allen, Passport for Civil Gideon: European Perspectives on the Civil Right to Counsel, Legal Scholarship for Equal Justice (2009). 

  2. Jeremy Cooper, English Legal Services: A Tale of Diminishing Returns, 5 Md. J. Contemp. Legal Issues 247 (1994).

  3. Martha Davis, In the Interests of Justice: Human Rights and the Right to Counsel in Civil Cases, 25 Touro L. Rev. 147 (2009), available at  

  4. Martha F. Davis, Johanna Kalb and Risa E. Kaufman, Human Rights Advocacy in the United States, West Publishing (2014), described at

  5. Martha Davis, Participation, Equality and the Civil Right to Counsel: Lessons from Domestic and International Law, 122 Yale L.J. 2260 (2013), available at

  6. Martha Davis, The Spirit of Our Times: State Constitutions and International Human Rights, 30 N.Y.U. Rev. L. & Soc. Change 359 (2006)available at

  7. Meredith Elliott Hollman, “Fundamental Fairness”: Finding a Civil Right to Counsel in International Human Rights Law, 57 U. Rich. L.R. 685 (2023), available at

  8. Earl Johnson, Jr., Equal Access to Justice: Comparing Access to Justice in the United States and Other Industrial Democracies, 24 Fordham Int'l L.J. S83 (2000), available at

  9. Earl Johnson, Jr., Equality Before the Law and the Social Contract: When Will the United States Finally Guarantee Its People the Equality Before the Law the Social Contract Demands?, 37 Fordham Urb. L.J. 157 (Feb. 2010), available at

  10. Earl Johnson, Lifting the "American Exceptionalism" Curtain: Options and Lessons from Abroad, 67 Hastings L.J. 1225 (June 2016), available at

  11. Earl Johnson, Jr., Toward Equal Justice: Where the United States Stands Two Decades Later, 5 Md. J. Contemp. Legal Issues 199 (1994), available for purchase at

  12. Earl Johnson, Jr., Will Gideon's Trumpet Sound a New Melody? The Globalization of Constitutional Values and its Implications for a Right to Equal Justice in Civil Cases, 2 Seattle J. for Soc. Just. 201 (2003), available at

  13. Lawyers' Rights Watch Canada, The Right to Legal Aid: How British Columbia's Legal Aid System Fails to Meet International Human Rights Obligations (2014), available at

  14. Raven Lidman, Civil Gideon: A Human Right Elsewhere in the World, 40 Clearinghouse Rev. J. of Poverty L. and Pol'y 288 (July-August 2006).

  15. Raven Lidman, Civil Gideon as a Human Right: Is the U.S. Going to Join Step with the Rest of the Developed World, 15 Temp. Pol. & Civ. Rts. L. Rev. 769 (2006), available at

  16. Joan Mahoney, Green Forms and Legal Aid Offices: A History of Publicly Funded Legal Services in Britain and the United States, 17 St. Louis U. Pub. L. Rev. 223 (1998), available at

  17. James Maxeiner, A Right to Legal Aid: The ABA Model Access Act in International Perspective, 13 Loy. J. Pub. Int. L 61 (2011), available at

  18. Francis O'Brian, Why Not Appointed Counsel in Civil Cases? The Swiss Approach, 28 Ohio St. L. J. 1 (1967), available at

  19. Panel Discussion: International, National and Local Perspectives on Civil Right to Counsel, 25 Touro L. Rev. 81 (2009), available with subscription at

  20. Sarah Paoletti, Deriving Support from International Law for the Right to Counsel in Civil Cases, 15 Temp. Pol. & Civ. Rts. L. rev. 651 (2006), available at

  21. Micah B. Rankin, Access to Justice and the Institutional Limits of Independent Courts, 30 Windsor Y.B. Access to Just. 101 (2012), available at

  22. Gaylene Schellenberg, Access to Justice in Canada: Canadian Bar Association Strategies to Make It Happen, 40 Clearinghouse Rev. J. of Poverty L. and Pol'y 281 (July-Aug. 2006), available at

  23. William C. Silverman, The Right to Counsel in Civil Cases: An International Perspective, National Law Review (Apr. 11, 2019), available at

  24. Andrea Wong, The Yellow Brick Road?  Establishing a Constitutional Right to State-Funded Counsel for Matters of Civil Law in Canada, 2 Journal of Public Policy, Administration and Law, Volume 41 (Oct. 2011) available at

  25. Lua Kamal Yuille, No One's Perfect (Not Even Close): Reevaluating Access to Justice in the United States and Western Europe, 42 Colum. J. Transnat'l L. 863 (2004), available for purchase at

  26. Zachary Zarnow, Obligation Ignored: Why International Law Requires The United States To Provide Adequate Civil Legal Aid, What The United States Is Doing Instead, And How Legal Empowerment Can Help, 20 Am. U. J. Gender Soc. Pol'y & L. 273 (2011), available at