Reports / Studies

  1. American Bar Association, Ensuring Fairness and Due Process in Immigration Proceedings, available at

  2. American Bar Association Commission on Immigration, Reforming the Immigration System: Proposals to Promote Independence, Fairness, Efficiency and Professionalism in the Adjudication of Removal Cases (2010) (table of contents and executive summary available at

  3. Amnesty International, Jailed Without Justice: Immigration Detention in the USA (2009), available at

  4. Board of Immigrant Appeals Pro Bono Project, The BIA Pro Bono Project is Successful (2004), available at

  5. California Coalition for Universal Representation, California's Due Process Crisis: Access to Legal Counsel for Detained Immigrants (June 2016), available at

  6. Zhifen Cheng and Neil Weiner, Legal Orientation Program (LOP) Evaluation, Performance and Outcome Measurement Report, Phase III: The Role of LOP in Affecting Case Processing Times, Vera Institute of Justice (June 2009), available at

  7. City Bar Justice Center, NYC Know Your Rights Project: An Innovative Pro Bono Response to the Lack of Counsel for Indigent Immigrant Detainees (November 2009), available at

  8. The Constitution Project, Recommendations for Reforming our Immigration Detention System and Promoting Access to Counsel in Immigration Proceedings (2009), available at

  9. Detention Working Group of the Massachusetts Chapter of the National Lawyers Guild, Give Me Your Tired, Your Poor…A Report on Due Process Issues in the Handling of Immigration Detainees in Massachusetts (July 2005), available at

  10. Detainee Working Group of the New York University Chapter of the National Lawyers Guild, Broken Justice: A Report on the Failures of the Court System for Immigrant Detainees in New York City (April 2007), available at

  11. Ingrid Eagly & Steven Shafer, A National Study of Access to Counsel in Immigration Court, 164 U. Penn. L.R. 1 (Dec. 2015), available at

  12. Ingrid Eagly and Steven Shafer, Access to Counsel in Immigration Court, American Immigration Council (Sept. 2016), available at

  13. Anne Hinken, U.S. Department of Justice Executive Office for Immigration Review, Evaluation of the Rights Presentation (Jan. 2000), available at

  14. Donald Kerwin, Charitable Legal Programs for Immigrants: What They Do, Why They Matter, and How They Can Be Expanded, Immigration Briefings, No. 04-04 (June 2004).

  15. Kate M. Manuel, Aliens' Right to Counsel in Removal Proceedings: In Brief, Congressional Research Service (Mar. 17, 2016), available at

  16. Peter Markowitz, Barriers to Representations for Detained Immigrant Facing Deportation: Varick Street Detention Facility, A Case Study, 78 Fordham L. Rev. 541 (2009), available at

  17. John D. Montgomery, Cost of Counsel in Immigration: Economic Analysis of Proposal Providing Public Counsel to Indigent Persons Subject to Immigration Removal Proceedings (May 28, 2014) (on file with the NCCRC)

  18. National Immigration Law Center, Blazing a Trail: The Fight for Right to Counsel in Detention and Beyond (Mar. 2013), available at

  19. Lori Nessel and Farrin Anello, Deportation Without Representation: The Access-to-Justice Crisis Facing New Jersey's Immigrant Families, Seton Hall Law Center for Social Justice (July 2016), available at

  20. New Jersey Policy Perspective, Legal Representation in Immigration Courts Leads to Better Outcomes, Economic Stability (June 19, 2018), available at

  21. New York City Bar Association Immigration and Nationality Law Committee, Report on the Right to Counsel for Detained Individuals in Removal Proceedings (August 2009), available at

  22. New York Immigrant Representation Study Report, Accessing Justice II: A Model for Providing Counsel to New York Immigrants in Removal Proceedings (2012), available at

  23. New York Law Journal, The New York Immigrant Representation Study: Preliminary Findings,  (2011), available at

  24. New York State Bar Association, Report of the Special Committee on Immigration Representation (June 23, 2012), available at

  25. Northern California Collaborative for Immigrant Justice, Access to Justice for Immigrant Families and Communities: Study of Legal Representation of Detained Immigrants in Northern California (Oct. 2014), available at

  26. Office of Planning, Analysis, & Technology, Executive Office for Immigration Review, U.S. Department of Justice, FY 2010 Statistical Year Book (Jan. 2011), available at

  27. John R.B. Palmer, The Nature and Causes of the Immigration Surge in the Federal Courts of Appeals: A Preliminary Analysis, 51 N.Y.L. Sch. l. Rev. 13 (2006), available at

  28. Penn State Law's Center for Immigrant Rights Clinic, Detained Immigrants and Access to Counsel in Pennsylvania (Oct. 2019), available at

  29. Nina Siulc, et al., Improving Efficiency and Promoting Justice in the Immigration System, Lessons from the Legal Orientation Program, Report Summary, Vera Institute of Justice (May 2008), available at

  30. Steering Committee, New York Immigrant Representation Study Report, Accessing Justice: The Availability and Adequacy of Counsel in Removal Proceedings, New York Immigrant Representation Study Report: Part 1, 33 Cardozo L. Rev. 357 (Dec. 2011), available at

  31. TRAC Immigration, Immigration Judges (July 2006), available at

  32. U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom, The Poor's Right to Equal Access to the Courts Vol. II at 239 (Feb. 2005).

  33. Vera Institute, Evaluation of the New York Immigrant Family Unity Project (2017), available at

  34. Vera Institute, A Federal Defender Service for Immigrants: Why We Need a Universal, Zealous, and Person-Centered Model (Feb. 2021), available at  

  35. Vera Institute, Rising to the Moment: Advancing the National Movement for Universal Representation (Dec. 2020), available at