1. In re Gault, 387 U.S. 1 (1967) (14th Amendment due process right to counsel for juveniles in delinquency cases), available at

  2. Lassiter v. Dep't of Soc. Servs., 452 U.S. 18 (1981) (adopting case-by-case approach to 14th Amendment due process right to counsel in termination of parental rights cases, and holding there is presumption against appointed counsel except where physical liberty is at stake), available at

  3. Turner v. Rogers, 131 S.Ct. 2507 (2011) (finding no categorical right to counsel in child support-based civil contempt cases under 14th Amendment, where the plaintiff is neither the state nor represented by counsel and whether the matter is not "especially complex"), available at

  4. Vitek v. Jones, 445 U.S. 480 (1980) (plurality opinion finding that prisoner involuntarily transferred to mental health facility has 14th Amendment due process right to "qualified representative", but not necessarily an attorney), available at

  5. Quail v. Municipal Court, 171 Cal.App.3d 572 (1985) (Johnson, J., dissenting), available at