Right to counsel
While a state may have many statutes, court decisions, or court rules governing appointment of counsel for a particular subject area, a "Key Development" is a statute/decision/rule that prevails over the others (example: a state high court decision finding a categorical right to counsel in guardianships cases takes precedence over a statute saying appointment in guardianship cases is discretionary).
Litigation, Civil Contempt in Family Court
In one case, the Tennessee Court of Appeals relied upon Lassiter to hold that indigent litigants could not be imprisoned pursuant to civil contempt without first being appointed counsel pursuant to the Fourteenth Amendment. Bradford v. Bradford, 1986 WL 2874 at *4-5 (Tenn. Ct. App. 1986) (unpublished) (citing decisions from other jurisdictions that agreed with this holding). See also Poole v. City of Chattanooga, 2000 WL 310564 at *8 n.4 (Tenn. Ct. App. 2000) (unpublished) (agreeing with Bradford).
These rulings, however, would have to be reevaluated in light of the U.S. Supreme Court's ruling in Turner v. Rogers, 131 S.Ct. 2507 (2011) (holding that the Fourteenth Amendment does not provide a categorical right to counsel in cases of civil contempt). In Bradford, a custodial parent was still the recipient of the support, but was represented by the District Attorney General. Bradford, 1986 WL 2874. However, the court did not rely on this fact at all; rather, it held that "in light of Lassiter, due process mandates that an indigent defendant has the right to be represented by counsel at a contempt proceeding whether it be called civil or criminal if the indigent defendant faces the loss of his freedom." Id at *5. Given that Turner eliminated the alleged Lassiter presumption in favor of counsel when physical liberty is threatened, Bradford is questionable, at least for cases within the purview of Turner (i.e., cases where the plaintiff is neither represented nor the state, the matter is not especially complex, etc.)
If "yes", the established right to counsel or discretionary appointment of counsel is limited in some way, including any of: the only authority is a lower/intermediate court decision or a city council, not a high court or state legislature; there has been a subsequent case that has cast doubt; a statute is ambiguous; or the right or discretionary appointment is not for all types of individuals or proceedings within that category.
Appointment of Counsel: categorical Qualified: yes