Right to counsel
While a state may have many statutes, court decisions, or court rules governing appointment of counsel for a particular subject area, a "Key Development" is a statute/decision/rule that prevails over the others (example: a state high court decision finding a categorical right to counsel in guardianships cases takes precedence over a statute saying appointment in guardianship cases is discretionary).
Legislation, Custody Disputes - Children
In any child custody or visitation proceeding, the court will appoint an attorney to represent the child if, in the hearing, a prima facie case is presented that a parent or other person caring for the child has sexually, physically or emotionally abused the child, or knew or should have known that the child was being abused. La. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 9:345(B).
Otherwise, the court may appoint an attorney to represent the child if, after a hearing, the court determines that the appointment of counsel would be in the best interest of the child. La. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 9:345(A). See also La. C.C. Art. 136(B) (in proceeding to determine whether to award visitation to grandparent or other relative, “the court shall hold a contradictory hearing as provided for in R.S. 9:345 in order to determine whether the court should appoint an attorney to represent the child.”)
The costs of the representation will be apportioned among the parties as the court determines, and if the parties' ability to pay is limited, the court may attempt to secure representation without compensation. La. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 9:345(F).
If "yes", the established right to counsel or discretionary appointment of counsel is limited in some way, including any of: the only authority is a lower/intermediate court decision or a city council, not a high court or state legislature; there has been a subsequent case that has cast doubt; a statute is ambiguous; or the right or discretionary appointment is not for all types of individuals or proceedings within that category.
Appointment of Counsel: categorical Qualified: yes