Right to counsel
While a state may have many statutes, court decisions, or court rules governing appointment of counsel for a particular subject area, a "Key Development" is a statute/decision/rule that prevails over the others (example: a state high court decision finding a categorical right to counsel in guardianships cases takes precedence over a statute saying appointment in guardianship cases is discretionary).
Legislation, Abuse/Neglect/Dependency - Children
Iowa Code § 232.89(2) specifies that in abuse/neglect cases, the court must appoint both counsel and a guardian ad litem for the child, but § 232.89(4) adds that "[t]he same person may serve both as the child's counsel and as guardian ad litem."
Also, with regard to indigent Native American children, "The child shall  have the right to court- appointed counsel in any removal, placement, termination of parental rights, or other permanency proceedings." Iowa Code § 232B.5(16). This provision goes beyond that of the federal Indian Child Welfare Act, which makes appointment discretionary. Compare to 25 U.S.C. § 1912(b) ("The court may, in its discretion, appoint counsel for the child upon a finding that such appointment is in the best interest of the child.").
If "yes", the established right to counsel or discretionary appointment of counsel is limited in some way, including any of: the only authority is a lower/intermediate court decision or a city council, not a high court or state legislature; there has been a subsequent case that has cast doubt; a statute is ambiguous; or the right or discretionary appointment is not for all types of individuals or proceedings within that category.
Appointment of Counsel: categorical Qualified: no