Right to counsel
Litigation, Civil Commitment - Subject of Petition
In Lynch v. Baxley, 386 F. Supp. 378, 389 (M.D. Ala. 1974), a federal court cited to decisions from other federal courts to hold that “The subject of an involuntary civil commitment proceeding has the right to the effective assistance of counsel at all significant stages of the commitment process ... Further, he has the right to be advised of his right to counsel, and to the appointment of counsel if indigent.” The court added that “The right to counsel is a right to representative counsel occupying a traditional adversarial role. Where state law requires or permits the appointment of a guardian ad litem, such appointment shall be deemed to satisfy the constitutional right to counsel if, but only if, the appointed guardian is a licensed attorney and occupies a truly adversary position.” Id.
The injunction implementing this ruling was ultimately vacated in Lynch v. Sessions, 942 F. Supp. 1419 (M.D. Ala. Sept. 30, 1996) due to the enactment of Ala. Code § 22-52-4(a) and Ala. Code § 22-52-5.
If "yes", the established right to counsel or discretionary appointment of counsel is limited in some way, including any of: the only authority is a lower/intermediate court decision or a city council, not a high court or state legislature; there has been a subsequent case that has cast doubt; a statute is ambiguous; or the right or discretionary appointment is not for all types of individuals or proceedings within that category.
Appointment of Counsel: categorical Qualified: yes