Iowa enacts law separating GAL and attorney roles for children in custody cases
While a state may have many statutes, court decisions, or court rules governing appointment of counsel for a particular subject area, a "Key Development" is a statute/decision/rule that prevails over the others (example: a state high court decision finding a categorical right to counsel in guardianships cases takes precedence over a statute saying appointment in guardianship cases is discretionary).
04/05/2017, Legislation, Custody Disputes - Children
HB 133, enacted in 2017, changes the law in Iowa as to representatives of children during dissolution of marriage or domestic relations proceedings.
Under the new law, the court may appoint a guardian ad litem to represent the child’s best interests and such GAL must be a practicing attorney. Iowa Code § 598.12. Additionally, a new section provides that the court may appoint a separate attorney for the child to represent the child’s legal interests. Iowa Code § 598.12A. Both § 598.12 and § 598.12A specify that the same person cannot fulfill both of these roles
If "yes", the established right to counsel or discretionary appointment of counsel is limited in some way, including any of: the only authority is a lower/intermediate court decision or a city council, not a high court or state legislature; there has been a subsequent case that has cast doubt; a statute is ambiguous; or the right or discretionary appointment is not for all types of individuals or proceedings within that category.
Appointment of Counsel: discretionary Qualified: no