Parents Generally in Child Welfare Cases - Studies and Reports

  1. American Bar Association, Center on Children and the Law for The Child Welfare Services Division of The Michigan State Court Administrative Office, Legal Representation for Parents in Child Welfare Proceedings: A Performance-Based Analysis of Michigan Practice (2009), available at

  2. American Bar Association Center on Children and the Law, Summary of Parent Representation Models (2009), available at

  3. Lucas A. Gerber, Yuk C. Pang, Timothy Ross, Martin Guggenheim, Peter J. Pecora, and Joel Miller, Effects of an interdisciplinary approach to parental representation in child welfare (2019), available at

  4. Elizabeth Thornton, Court-Based Child Welfare Reforms: Improved Child/Family Outcomes and Potential Cost Savings (August 2012), available at

  5. Women's Law Center of Maryland, Inc., Families in Transition: A Follow-up Study Exploring Family Law Issues in Maryland (Dec. 2006), available at

  6. Vivek Sankaran, Using Preventive Legal Advocacy to Keep Children from Entering Foster Care, Wm. Mitchell L. Rev. 40, no. 3 (2014), available at

  7. Vivek Sankaran and John Pollock, A National Survey on a Parent's Right to Counsel in Termination of Parental Rights and Dependency Cases (2016).

  8. Washington State Office of Public Defense, Reunification and Case Resolution Improvements in Office of Public Defense (OPD) Parents Representation Program Counties (Feb. 2010), available at

  9. Steve M. Wood, Alicia Summers, and Crystal Soderman Duarte, Legal Representation in the Juvenile Dependency System: Travis County, Texas' Parent Representation Pilot Project54 Fam. Ct. Rev. 277 (Apr. 2016).