Parents Generally in Child Welfare Cases - Law Review Articles and Treatises

  1. Vinita Andrapalliyal, The CPS Took My Baby Away: Threats to Immigrant Parental Rights and a Proposed Federal Solution, 7 Harv. L. & Pol'y Rev. 173 (Winter 2013), available at

  2. Cynthia Godsoe, All in the Family: Towards a New Representational Model for Parents and Children, 24 Geo. J. Legal Ethics 303 (Spring 2011).

  3. Martin Guggenheim and Susan Jacobs, A New National Movement in Parent Representation, 47 Clearinghouse Rev. J. of Poverty L. and Pol'y 35 (May-June 2013), available with subscription at

  4. Vivek Sankaran, No Harm, No Foul? Why Harmless Error Analysis Should Not Be Used To Review Wrongful Denials Of Counsel To Parents In Child Welfare Cases, 63 S.C. L. Rev. 13 (Autumn 2011).

  5. Vivek S. Sankaran, Protecting a Parent's Right to Counsel in Child Welfare Cases, ABA Child Law Practice (2009), available at

  6. Michele Struffolino, Taking Limited Representation to the Limits: The Efficacy of Using Unbundled Legal Services in Domestic-Relations Matters Involving Litigation, 2 St. Mary's J. Legal Mal. & Ethics 166 (2012), available at

  7. Jessica Dixon Weaver, Overstepping Ethical Boundaries?  Limitations on State Efforts to Provide Access to Justice in Family Courts, 82 Fordham L. Rev. 2705 (2014), available at

  8. Samantha Zuehlke, Minnesota’s System of Justice by Geography in Child Protection Proceedings: Base Issues in Minnesota’s Parental Representation Scheme and in the Discretionary Appointment of Counsel Under Section 260C.163, 47 Mitchell Hamline L. Rev. (2021), available at